Tuesday, December 28, 2021

2x4ft Mobile Platforms

As I began looking at options for a portable stage I discovered these miniature platforms that are easy to build and move. They cost about $20 to build and can be assembled in under an hour.

Parts list
2 2x4s
1 sheet particle board 2x4 feet

Cut list
2 2x4s at 4 feet
4 2x4s at 21 inches

Pre-drill holes in the 4 foot 2x4s at 1 inch and 16 inches from each end. secure the 21 inch 2x4s at these points with 2.5 inch screws. Lay the particle board on top and drive 1.25 inch screws along one edge, then square up the opposite side and finish securing the particle board.

 Once assembly is complete, throw on a coat or two of black paint and your platform is good to go! 

One thing I really like about this platform design (aside from being inexpensive to build) is that you can stack them to make a multi-level set or stairs without worrying about your underlying supports. They work great as a portable stage or as part of a set of platforms on a normal sized stage.

Medieval Hair Dressing

One of the best ways to sell your costume is through a period hat or hair dressing. 

For women, here is a quick tutorial for a simple veil:

Or for a veil and wimple, here is another video:

For men I recommend a coif or hood:

Printable Coif Pattern: (PDF)

Coif tutorial:

Hood tutorial:

Medieval Clothing Crash Course

I was browsing the web for some simple costumes for a Shakespeare production and stumbled on this video that is essentially a crash course in medieval costumes on a budget. I recommend everything this guy says, so take a look and start assembling your costume today!

Wednesday, December 22, 2021

Stone Wall Backdrop

Arguably one of the most useful backdrops when performing Shakspeare is a stone wall. In this article we will go over the process of preparing a flat and painting stone.

There are two main types of flats, Broadway or canvas, and Hollywood or wood. Canvas are the most common in schools because they cost less to build and are light weight and easy to store. Wood flats are used in television and at the college level because they are sturdy, easy to configure, and if built properly can last for decades.

Here are some videos showing how to make each type of flat.



For our stone wall project I had some old flats that needed new canvas, so that is what we will run with.

I started by removing the old muslin from the flats, then stapled the new muslin into place. Next I needed to prime the flat. Knowing that I would be painting a stone wall, I decided to prime the flats with black paint instead of the usual white. This allowed me to save time later by not needing to shade in the grout lines.

After getting the flat primed, I experimented with a few rows to get my technique where I wanted it. The method I used was pinching masking tape onto the flat for the grout lines, then painting in the stones.

Here is a short video demonstrating the technique for pinching the tape. I found the spackle unnecessary.

Sunday, December 19, 2021

The Best No Sew Bow Tie

 My oldest son has an affinity for bow ties, so we decided to make him a bow tie in his favorite color. We looked through dozens of patterns online and stumbled across this amazingly simple pattern that you can make in less than an hour once you have everything gathered.

I can't take credit for this one, but I will definitely pass this along to anyone who needs a quick and simple bow tie!

Friday, December 17, 2021

Light Positions

So you have your stage set and you are ready to add some lights. But to your dismay there is no way to mount lights on the ceiling, even if you had a professional light kit. So what do you do?

Knowing that the above scenario is all too common, you do still have options for lighting your show. Let's add in the additional issue of budget and say that all you have available are some clamp lights from the local hardware store and a handful of LED or CFL bulbs. What can we do to light our show?

The 45 Degree Rule

The ideal scenario is to have your lights at a 45 degree angle to either side of the stage, or 45 degrees above your stage. While we won't be able to achieve this completely, we will keep this rule in mind and do our best to make it happen.

Wash vs Area

With the equipment at our disposal, we will want to focus on doing an all over wash of the stage, rather than trying to light specific areas. As our budget allows, adding more or better lights to our kit will allow us to then focus on specific areas down the road.

Foot Lights

With the above two ideas in mind we can now examine our first option, which is the tried and true Foot Light set up. This type of lighting can still be seen in period movies today. In its original form, candles or lanterns were placed along the front of the stage with reflectors guiding the light up toward the actors. With our clamp lights we can make small stands to clamp them to, or just lay them right on the floor if we are really in a pinch.

Even in this low position we can still try to follow the 45 Degree Rule by pointing our lights at each part of the stage at 45 degrees. The result is an even wash, that will highlight the face well, but may cast lots of shadows on our backdrop.

Low Beam

One step above the Foot Light is the Low Beam. Our ideal scenario would be a beam mounted to the ceiling, however, in our current situation a beam standing on the floor can be just as effective. We can accomplish a 45 degree up angle from the low beam, however we will still have those troublesome shadows mentioned with the Foot Lights.

Truss or T-stand

This option can get our lights somewhat up in the air, on a vertical truss or t-stand. We may not get our 45 degree up angle, but we can certainly get 45 degrees out from the stage in either direction. Be careful of sight lines though! You don't want to block any audience member from seeing the show because the truss was placed in just the wrong spot.

Corner Lighting

Similar to Truss or T-stand, Corner lights are placed along the corners of the stage on whatever you have available. You may have one light on the ground while the others are clamped to a book case or pole just off stage behind the grand curtain. This is a little more seclusive than the Truss by itself, and it gives you the option to point lights at the backdrop to lose some of those shadows made by other lights.

A Combination

While each of these options have their pros and cons, you can combine methods to get a pretty reasonable set up for your show. For example, using Foot Lights and Corner Lights could eliminate the shadows on the backdrop while still illuminating the actors faces well along the front of the stage.

Monday, December 6, 2021

Free Scripts

If you are looking for some free/short scripts to get started, here are some resources to check out. Come back often as I am constantly on the look out for free scripts:

Compact Shakespeare

Project Gutenberg Plays

Lighting Kits

Budget Kit

If you are super strapped for cash, go to your local harware store and pick up some scoop lights with LED floodlight bulbs. This is about as inexpensive as you can get. Also grab some dimmer switches and extension cords for an entry level light board. I don't recommend running more than 4-5 instruments per dimmer with this set up. This solution is for small to medium stages.

Medium Kit

Same scoop lights as the Budget Kit, but this time get smart bulbs with color options and a wifi router. This will take some technical know how to set up, but the lights can be run from your phone!

Junior Pro Kit

For smaller stages, get 4 low cost LED instruments (the kind DJs use) and an inexpensive dmx controller. This will give you lots of versatility for the smallest price tag. Still requires some technical know how, but no wifi router!

Professional Kit

Get 12-16 Pro LED instruments and a dmx controller. You should be able to do whatever you need to with this kit on medium and large stages.


The first thing you need to perform a play is an area for your actors to stand on. This is referred to as an "acting area." On a large stage you may have multiple acting areas, where on a small stage you may only have one. Each acting area needs to be lit, and dressed for the scene you will perform there.

But what if you don't have a stage at all? Say you are renting space at a community center, or you are a theater teacher and all you have is your classroom. 

Never fear! In this article we will teach you how to build a simple platform that will become your acting area or mini-stage. You can tailor the dimensions and number of platforms to fit the space you have available. This design can also be used on a larger stage to help break up your acting areas. You can even stack them to create a dynamic set for your actors to perform on.

The Build 

Most dimensional lumber in the USA comes in 4x8 foot dimensions, so we will use that as our template for this build. If you have a different size available, tweak the plans to fit what you have.

Standard floors have rails running under them with a skin of sheet lumber on top. These rails are usually spaced 16 inches apart. The shorter the run, the stronger these rails are. So, with that in mind we want to build our frame so it looks like this:

In our case, we built the frame using 2 x 4s (1.5 x 3.5in actual measurements), and put runners every 24 inches. Once we added the 1/2 inch plywood to the surface and nailed it to the runners, the result was a sturdy 4 inch riser. 

If you want your platform a little taller you can add six feet to the bottom using the same 2 x 4s. We made our platform 12 inches tall, so our cuts were 11.5 inches long. We placed our feet on the 4 corners and the outer edge of the center runner.

Build List

8ft rail x 2

3ft 9in rail x 5

8 x 4ft sheet of 1/2 or thicker plywood x 1

11.5in feet x 6

This is for a single platform, if your space allows, you can make more than one and get an 8 x 8ft stage, or 4 x 16ft stage, etc... You could even add a 4 x 4ft platform to one end of your stage for an even more elevated acting space.


There are several types of curtains used on a stage. Let's take a look at a few of them:

Main/Grand Curtain

This is the curtain that runs along the proscenium at the front of the stage. It is usually colored and separates the audience from the stage. The Grand Curtain can be set up as a runner (see below), or on a fly line so that it can be raised vertically to reveal the stage.


These long drapes run along the sides of the stage and provide cover for actors and scenery when they are not on stage.


These short curtains run along the top of the stage to hide fly lines, lighting, and anything else that we don't want the audience to see.


This type of curtain travels along a rail or cable system and can be opened and closed at will. Here is a short video showing you how to assemble a simple runner for a small stage:

Tall Trees on the Cheap

Check out this awesome video on how to make awesome big trees for very little money!

Monday, June 14, 2021

Building the Frame

 After playing around with a few different ideas for the frame, I decided to start with a solid wheel base. For the steering mechanism I am using the largest hinges I could find at Lowes. I drilled one of the existing holes larger to accept the bolt from the bicycle wheels, then bolted it to the 2x6 that acts as the front of the frame.

For the back of the bike I am using the existing suspension of a mountain bike and attached it with a large section of all thread to the 2x3s that run the length of the frame. The suspension rod is attached using an old satellite dish mounting bracket. I still need to check how true the wheels are and if they hold air, but the wheel base is now complete.

A simple weight test showed that it could hold me and my daughter without any problems. Next I need to get the pedals attached and the chain and idlers installed. I also need to finish building the steering mechanism, and reconnect the rear brake and derailer. Once a seat is installed I should be able to drive it as a recumbent bike, after that I will probably work on the canopy, and lights, then install the electric assist after the fact.

I am really happy with my progress so far. Hopefully I will have it fully enclosed and electrified by the time fall hits.

Let me know your thoughts in the comments below.

Wednesday, April 28, 2021

First steps: Gathering Old Bikes

I put some feelers out on Facebook and had 4 bikes donated by neighbors who were looking to get rid of them. Between the 4 bikes I got enough parts to make 2 recumbent trikes, which is the base for my ebike. I was fortunate to get two bikes with rear suspension. This will make for a smoother ride when I get the trike assembled.

For the frame I am using scrap wood left over from several other projects, including a small pallet. This is just a prototype so I can learn the basics, the finished model will be much more streamlined.

Wednesday, April 14, 2021

A New Goal- an enclosed ebike!


After doing some research into the laws governing Electric Cars and NEVs in my area, I discovered it was going to be a real headache to get something inexpensive for me to drive around town. That was when it hit me. I don't need a Tesla or something like that if I am only going to use the electric car for travel around town, so I started looking at alternatives and discovered a bit of a loophole in the laws for the state of Idaho. 

A Class 2 electric assisted bicycle is defined as having up to three wheels, it can go up to 20 mph without pedaling, but can go faster if you do pedal. It is not restricted in what streets it can be driven on, but must stay to the right as much as possible. These bikes can be enclosed making them usable year round, and may have blinkers, windshield wipers, headlights, taillights, etc... They are not required to be registered, have insurance, or a license, so even my 14 year old son, could drive it!

In August 2019, the state of Idaho passed a measure that defined ebikes as bicycles. That means they can be used wherever bicycles are allowed. This opened a whole new door of inquiry for me, and I started looking around at ebike options.

Some companies are already building enclosed tricycles like the one I had in mind. (See the video above) However, to order one and get it shipped to me was still going to cost quite a bit! So I started drawing up plans and making a parts list, and figured I could build a prototype for less than $500. The major cost being the 750 watt conversion kit and batteries.

The basic trike without the electric assist is known as a velomobile, and is a lightweight, aerodynamic bicycle alternative that has been around for decades. This part is relatively easy to build and can be made with parts available at local stores and thrift shops.

Next week is earth week, and I hope to have the beginnings of my electric car/bike in the works before the end of the week is out!